BRODYN Mykhailo Semenovych (30 September 1931, the village of Sivka-Voinylivska, now – Kalush region, Ivano-Frankivsk oblast) is a physicist, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (Study of the Absorption and Dispersion of the World in Crystals of Some Polycyclic Compounds, 1957), Senior Researcher (1960), Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (Optical Properties of Crystals in Exciton Absorption, 1963), Professor (1968). He graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (1953), and completed his postgraduate studies at the Institute of Physics (1956). He has been engaged as an Associate in 1956–59, and Senior Researcher at the Department of Physics of Crystals of the Institute of Physics in 1960–64; Professor of the National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” since 1964; Head of the Nonlinear Optics Department of the Institute of Physics since 1965; Head of the section of non-metallic crystal physics in the Coordination Council of Sciences on Solid State Physics at the USSR Academy since 1975; Director in 1987–2006, and Honorary Director of the Institute of Physics since 2006; Academician-Secretary of the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the Institute of Physics in 1989–98.
Research interests: Mykhailo Borodyn has started the following scientific directions: low-temperature crystal optics and spectroscopy of crystals, dispersion and absorption of light in crystals of aromatic polycyclic series, molecular excitons; layered crystals, surface excitons, spectral contour shapes and exciton-phonon interaction; polariton spectroscopy; semiconductor lasers, mini-lasers, generating mechanisms, role of excitons, explanation of indicatrix features and emission spectra of plate, petal and tubular lasers based on CdS, CdSe, ZnS, ZnSe single crystals and their solid solutions, internal mode, and generation frequency readjustment; nonlinear optics: two-photon excitations of semiconductors, optical bistability, harmonic generation, intermode interactions; photoacoustic spectromicroscopy of electronic equipment materials.
Mykhailo Borodyn is the author of about 400 works, among which Excitons in Molecular Crystals (Kyiv, 1973); Polaritons in Crystal Optics (Kyiv, 1984); Exciton Processes in Layered Crystals (Kyiv, 1986); Dynamic Effects in a Multicomponent Gas (Kyiv, 1990); Nonlinearity of dispersion of wide-bandgap semiconductors (Kyiv, 1990).
He has been acknowledged as a Corresponding Member (1972), and Academic of the USSR Academy of Sciences (now – NASU, 1982); Full Member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society (2009); Member of the Ukrainian Physical Society and Ukrainian Optical Society; member of international organizing committees and coordination council on quantum electronics and nonlinear optics; Chairman of the Scientific Council on Quantum Electronics of NASU; member of the editorial board of Ukrainian Journal of Physics (2002–09 editor-in-chief), Quantum Electronics, World of Physics, Semiconductor Physics, Quantum Electronics and Optoelectronics (SPQEO), Ukrainian Journal of Physical Optics and others. Mykhailo Borodyn was awarded Lenin Prize in Science and Technology (1966), State Prize of USSR in Science (1974), State Prize of Soviet Union in Science (1982), State Prize of Ukraine in Science and Technology (1994), Cyril Sinelnikov Prize of NASU (1998); Honored Figure of Science and Technology of Ukraine (1992), Medal for Valiant Labour (1970), Order of the Badge of Honour (1981), Order of the October Revolution (1986), the third (1999) and second (2008) grade Order of Merit; Sergey Vavilov Medal – the Dmitriy Rozhdestvenskiy Optical Society award (2000), Doctor Honoris Causa of the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (2000).
Literature: Mykhailo Semenovych Brodyn / Bibliography of Scientists of Ukraine. Kyiv, 2001; Blonsky I. V., Borscht A. O., Naumovets A. G. et al. Mykhailo Semenovych Brodyn (honoring the 70th anniversary of his birth) // Ukrainian Journal of Physics. 2001. Vol. 46. № 9; Discovery and Research of Molecular Excitons: Collection in Honor of Academician Mykhailo Brodyn / Doctor Honoris Causa. Lviv, 2001; Who’s Who in Ivano-Frankivsk region. Kyiv, 2002; Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine. Vol. 3; Who’s Who in Ukraine. Kyiv, 2004; Baryakhtar V. G., Blonsky I. V., Borscht A. O. et al. Mykhailo Semenovych Brodyn (honoring the 75th anniversary of his birth) // Ukrainian Journal of Physics. 2006. Vol. 51. № 9; Dovhyi Y. O. Creator of the Scientific School. Honoring the 75th anniversary of Mykhailo Brodyn`s birth // World of Physics. 2006. № 3; Institute of Physics of NASU. 80th anniversary. Lviv, 2009.